1. Desiccation of the Aral Sea in Central Asia
Formerly one of the largest lakes on Earth, the Aral Sea has almost completely dried out. The desiccation of the lake located between Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, has not only led to the economic collapse of the neighboring communities, but also the dust from the exposed lakebed that was contaminated with agricultural chemicals has become a public health hazard.
© NASA Earth Observatory
2. Desiccation of Lake Urmia in Iran
Located between the West Azerbaijan and East Azerbaijan provinces of Iran, Lake Urmia has shrunk to mere 12% of its size in 1970s. Like the Aral Sea, Lake Urmia is exposing a salt desert that generates toxic dust that is harmful for both the crops, as well as the people from neighboring regions. Consequently, affected Azerbaijanis have tried several public campaigns to coerce the central authorities in Tehran to…
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