The commitments made in Paris require a closer look at the quantitative and qualitative jobs dimension of the just transition to sustainability. In schematic terms, it is possible to anticipate four quantitative employment effects.
Firstly, and most positively, policies to promote greener products, services and infrastructures will translate directly into higher demand for labour in a wide range of sectors and activities, and indeed generate entirely new types of jobs through technological innovations that respond to the needs of sustainability.
The International Renewable Energy Agency reported in its Annual Review 2016 that in 2015 employment in renewable energy reached 8.1 million jobs, a 5 per cent increase over the previous year. Importantly, this employment dynamism is not concentrated in industrialized countries; emerging economies, including China and India, accounted for a significant proportion of the new jobs. Moreover, the growth in the supply of renewable energy has to date come in…
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